Stop EditText from gaining focus at Activity startup

I have an Android Activity, with two elements:

  1. EditText
  2. ListView

When my Activity starts, the EditText immediately has input focus (flashing cursor). I don’t want any control to have input focus at startup. I tried:

No luck. How can I convince the EditText to not select itself when the Activity starts?

Excellent answers from Luc and Mark however a good code sample is missing: